Views: 1 Author: Site Editor Publish Time: 2022-07-14 Origin: Site
1、 What is global logistics
International logistics, also known as global logistics, refers to an international commodity transaction or exchange activity in which the seller delivers documents, goods and receives payment for goods in order to overcome the spatial and temporal distance between production and consumption when two or more countries independently produce and consume, so as to achieve the ultimate purpose of international commodity transactions; The buyer accepts the documents, pays for the goods and receives the trade terms of the goods.
The broad scope of international logistics research includes international trade logistics, non trade logistics, international logistics investment, international logistics cooperation, international logistics exchange and other fields. Among them, international trade logistics mainly refers to the reasonable international flow of goods of designated organizations; Non trade logistics refers to international exhibition logistics, international postal logistics, etc. International logistics cooperation refers to the international logistics in which enterprises from different countries complete major international economic and technological projects; International logistics investment refers to the joint investment and construction of international logistics enterprises by logistics enterprises from different countries; International logistics exchanges mainly refer to international exchanges in logistics science, technology, education, training and management.
2、 Basic process of international logistics
1. Order processing
If the importer and the exporter sign a formal contract through transaction negotiation, order processing is the arrangement for the implementation of the contract.
2. Transportation and insurance
In order to ensure the economic security of international logistics, both importers and exporters should reasonably choose the route, mode and means of transportation of goods, and insure the risks of goods in transportation.
Tallying refers to the work that the cargo owner entrusts the tallying agency of the port to count the goods, check the damage of the goods, guide the loading and stowage, and make relevant documents at the port when receiving and delivering the goods at the loading port and the unloading port according to the transportation contract.
4. Customs declaration and inspection
Import and export goods must enter or leave the country through a place with a customs. The consignee or his agent of import goods shall declare to the Customs within 14 days from the date of declaration of entry of the means of transport, and the consignor or his agent of export goods shall declare truthfully to the customs and accept customs supervision 2 hours before loading. Overdue fines and late filing fines will be levied.
After the goods are shipped, the beneficiary shall prepare documents in time and submit documents to the bank within the period of validity and presentation specified in the letter of credit. After receiving the transaction order, the negotiating bank shall review the order in accordance with the requirements of the letter of credit and notify the beneficiary of the review result within 7 banking days after receiving the order.
The essence of international logistics is to realize the international flow and exchange of goods in accordance with the principles of international division of labor and international practices, and promote the development of regional economy and the optimal allocation of world resources. The general goal of international logistics is to serve international trade and transnational operations, that is, to choose the best way and route to transport goods from the supplier of one country to the demander of another country in time at the lowest cost and risk.